Additional Resources: Ethnographic Approaches to Evaluation

Online sources

  • Ethnographies about community leaders, on the website of Leadership for a Changing World, a project that is exploring the nature of social-change leadership. The research team, led by Sonia Ospina, is based at New York University.
  • The final report of a six-year ethnographic study by the Chapin Hall Center for Children of three community organizing projects intended to build support for public education reform, supported by the New York City Donors’ Education Collaborative.
  • The bi-monthly Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, which publishes in-depth ethnographies. The journal is available online for annual subscription; readers may also request a sample issue or purchase individual back issues online.


  • Robert M. Emerson. Contemporary Field Research: Perspectives and Formulations. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press, 2001.
  • Robert M. Emerson, Rachel I. Fretz, and Linda L. Shaw. Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.
  • Paul Lichterman. “Seeing Structure Happen: Theory-Driven Participant-Observation.” In Bert Klandermans and Susan Staggenborg, eds., Methods of Social Movement Research. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2002.
  • Anselm Strauss and Juliet Corbin. Basics of Qualitative Research: Grounded Theory Procedures and Techniques. New York: Sage Publications, 1990.

Takeaways are critical, bite-sized resources either excerpted from our guides or written by Candid Learning for Funders using the guide's research data or themes post-publication. Attribution is given if the takeaway is a quotation.

This takeaway was derived from Getting Inside the Story.